Gaza: death and destruction 24th-31st December 2008

http://www.pchrgaza.org/files/W_report/English/2008/01-01-2009.htm

In the Bloodiest Week since the Beginning of the Israeli Occupation, Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Launch a Wide Scale Offensive on the Gaza Strip Killing and Wounding Hundreds of Palestinians

IOF Offensive on the Gaza Strip

  • At least 300 air and sea raids have been launched by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

  • 334 Palestinians have been killed.

  • The victims include 121 civilians and 165 civil police officers.

  • The civilian victims include 33 children and 11 women.

  • The children include 5 sisters and 3 brothers who were killed while sleeping at home, and 2 sisters and their brothers who were near their houses.

  • The victims include: 3 brothers; 2 physicians; a paramedic; a lawyer; a preacher; a man and his two children; 9 students of an UNRWA vocational training center; and an UNRWA school guard.

  • 996 Palestinians, including 218 children and 113 women, have been wounded (this is only the number of the wounded who have been listed on the records of hospitals).

  • 37 houses have been destroyed and hundreds of houses and flats have been damaged.

  • 7 mosques have been destroyed.

  • 20 smith workshops have been destroyed.

  • 4 money exchange shops and a clinic have been destroyed.

  • 3 fishing harbors have been destroyed.

  • 67 security sites and training sites of resistance groups have been destroyed.

  • 25 buildings of public buildings have been destroyed, including those of ministries, governorates, municipalities, the Palestinian Legislative Council, and 3 educational institutions.

  • A state of compulsory mass displacement of civilians has prevailed in border areas as a result of continuous air strikes.

Daily Violations of Human Rights

· 4 Palestinians, including a child, were killed by IOF in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

· A child died from a previous wound in Rafah.

· 25 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children and a journalist, were wounded by IOF in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

· 21 of these civilians were wounded when IOF used force to disperse demonstrations organized in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip.

· IOF conducted 40 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.

· IOF arrested 39 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children, in the West Bank.

· IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT.

· The Gaza Strip is completely isolated from the outside world.

· IOF troops positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 3 Palestinian civilians.

· IOF have continued to take measures aiming at the Judaization of Jerusalem.

· A house was demolished in Beit Hanina village near Jerusalem.

Summary

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) have continued to wage the bloodiest and most brutal war against the Gaza Strip since its occupation in 1967, under an international and Arab conspiracy of silence. IOF have launched a series of surprising air strikes against security and governmental many civilian facilities, including workshops, houses, medical warehouses and even mosques in a grave precedent. IOF warplanes have so far continued to fly over the Gaza Strip terrifying the Palestinian civilian population. Many Palestinian families have received phone calls from the Israeli intelligence, which ordered them to vacate their houses as they would be bombarded. Such phone calls confused Palestinian civilians. PCHR believes that this declared war target Palestinian civilians and their property, and statements of Israeli political and military officials herald a humanitarian catastrophe and a persistent war at all levels. The international community is required more than ever before to immediately act to stop this gravest offensive since the Gaza Strip was first occupied by IOF. According to what PCHR field workers have been able to document so far, the number of civilian victims in the first ten minutes of the offensive on the Gaza Strip is the highest since the beginning of this offensive. PCHR reiterates its condemnation in the strongest terms for this bloody war, and calls upon the international community, particularly the Fourth Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, and international organizations to immediately act to stop such grave and unprecedented deterioration in the human rights situation and humanitarian conditions in the Gaza Strip.

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law escalated in the OPT during the reporting period (24 – 31 December 2008):

IOF Offensive on the Gaza Strip

IOF have continued their offensive on the Gaza Strip. They have increasingly bombarded civilian facilities, mosques and houses, without paying attention to the lives and safety of Palestinian civilians. Israel claims that such civilian facilities, mosques and houses were related to Hamas, but investigations conducted by PCHR indicate that IOF have used excessive lethal force and that the majority of the facilities that have been targeted are public and private property located in densely populated areas, making Palestinian civilians pay a heavy price from their lives and property. All of the victims of recent attacks are civilians, and dozens of houses have been heavily damaged. Due to the current siege imposed on the Gaza Strip, the reconstruction or reparation of the houses that have been destroyed or damaged is extremely difficult. IOF warplanes have destroyed most buildings of the Palestinian government in the Gaza Strip, including those of ministries and security services. The first wave of air strike was surprising and left many deaths and casualties.

According to PCHR’s documentation, IOF have launched at least 300 air and sea strikes against the Gaza Strip. These strikes have targeted 37 houses; 67 security and training sites; 20 workshops; 25 public and private institutions; 7 mosques; and 3 educational institutions. The public institutions that have been bombarded are: the compound of ministries, the building of the Palestinian Legislative Council, the building of the cabinet in Gaza City; the buildings of the agricultural control department and the Municipality of Bani Suhaila in Khan Yunis; the buildings of Rafah Municipality and Governorate. The air strikes have targeted also 4 money exchange shops, a clinic, 3 fishing harbors, the Islamic University and 2 schools.

Thousands of civilians, mainly those who reside in areas close to the Palestinian- Egyptian border, have fled from their houses in the wake of several raids launched by IOF on the southern Gaza Strip. A state of compulsory mass displacement of civilians has prevailed in the area. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) was forced to open its schools to shelter the civilians and provide their basic needs, amidst a climate of fear and bitter cold. In addition, thousands of Palestinian civilians throughout the Gaza Strip have been forced to flee of their homes and look for safe shelters because their homes were completely or partially destroyed by IOF air strikes, amidst the lack of minimum components of human life.

According to what PCHR field workers have been able to document the IOF offensive has resulted in the following deaths and casualties:

334 Palestinians, including 121 civilians, have been killed throughout the Gaza Strip. The victims include 33 children and 11 women. Additionally, 996 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 218 children and 113 women, have been wounded. The number of civilian deaths does not include at least 165 civil police officers who were killed on the first day of the IOF offensive, when they were not engaged in any hostilities. The victims are distributed as follows:

Northern Gaza Strip: 46 Palestinians, including 27 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 11 children and 3 women. The victims include also 5 sisters and another 2 sisters and their brother. Additionally, 322 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been wounded.

Gaza City: 153 Palestinians, including 45 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 10 children and 7 women. The victims also 9 students of an UNRWA vocational training center, 3 brothers, a physician, a paramedic and a man and his two children. Additionally, 250 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been wounded.

Central Gaza Strip: 88 Palestinians, including 20 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 4 children and an old man. Additionally, 134 Palestinians, including 22 children and 11 women, have been wounded.

Khan Yunis: 28 Palestinians, including 17 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 3 children and 2 brothers. Additionally, 125 Palestinians, including 22 children and 9 women, have been wounded.

Rafah: 18 Palestinians, including 13 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 5 children and a woman. The victims include 3 brothers, a preacher, a physician, a nurse and a lawyer. Additionally, 165 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 45 children and 23 women, have been wounded. The wounded include 48 civilians, including 15 children and 15 women, who were wounded in one air strike against al-Shaboura refugee camp in Rafah.

Other Daily Violations of Human Rights

Shooting: During the reporting period, IOF killed 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child, in the West Bank and an activist of the Palestinian resistance in the Gaza Strip. A Palestinian child also died from a previous wound in the Gaza Strip. Additionally, IOF wounded 25 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 4 children and a journalist, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

In the West Bank, IOF used excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were killed and 21 others were wounded.

During the reporting period, 2 Palestinian civilians were wounded when IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall west of Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, on 24 December 2008, IOF helicopter gunships fired 3 missiles at a number of activists of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, who were firing mortars at IOF military posts and Israeli territory from al-Shouka village, southeast of Rafah. An activist was killed and 2 others were wounded.

On 27 December 2008, a Palestinian child from Rafah died from a previous wound he had sustained on 2 December 2008.

Incursions: During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 40 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. IOF arrested 39 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children. Thus, the number of Palestinian civilians arrested by IOF in the West Bank since the beginning of 2008 has mounted to 2,368.

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

IOF have continued to close all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for more than two years. The IOF siege of Gaza, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

· 1.5 million people are being denied their basic rights, including freedom of movement, and their rights to appropriate living conditions, work, health and education.

Under the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip, the Gaza civilian population are suffering serious deterioration in the humanitarian situation. The resulting acute humanitarian crisis is increasingly and seriously impacting living conditions of Palestinian civilians, which have been already deteriorating due to the tightened siege imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip from the land, air and sea for more than 18 months. Due to this siege, Palestinian civilians have been denied their economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights.

The deterioration taking place in health conditions in the Gaza Strip exacerbated due to the high number of the dead and the wounded who fell due to IOF raids. This exacerbating deterioration comes along with the tightened total siege that has been imposed on the Gaza Strip, including the closure of Gaza border crossings for more than 18 months. The siege has impacted all medical institutions in the Gaza Strip, including hospitals and primary healthcare centers that have become unable to meet the needs of the civilian population and, as a result, have been unable to ensure physical and mental healthcare. This situation has impacted the capacity of Gaza medical institutions to provide medical services to the Gaza civilian population. The state of fear and horror caused by IOF barbarian raids affected the standard of civilians’ enjoyment of their right to health, including inability to access medical institutions due the gravity of the security conditions, or due to medical institutions’ incapacity to respond to the needs of hundreds of wounded persons and thousands of patients. Medical sources in the MOH in Gaza and at Shifa Hospital, the main treatment provider in the Gaza strip, stated the following:

· Gaza hospitals suffer severe shortage in beds that are required to receive hundreds of victims of IOF raids. There are approximately 1,200 beds in all Gaza hospitals. At Shifa Hospital, there are 530 beds, including 135 beds used for primary healthcare provision. Medical crews at Gaza hospitals and clinics have been unable to provide beds to treat and hospitalize the wounded persons, due to the high numbers of the wounded who arrived at hospitals and clinics in the wake of IOF air raids. Approximately 319 dead persons and more than 1,000 wounded persons have been admitted into Gaza hospitals within the past four days. The wounded who have been admitted into hospitals are being treated and hospitalized under severe shortages in medicines and medical supplies. Medical crews are also bearing utmost suffering due to continued electricity cutoffs.

· The different units at Shifa Hospital and other hospitals in the Gaza Strip are still suffering incapacity to provide treatment and medical services to approximately 390 persons who have been wounded in IOF ongoing military operation, due to unavailability of material capacities and medical apparatuses that are required for their treatment. These 390 wounded persons need to be urgently and promptly referred to treatment abroad for their serious injuries. The MOH has managed to refer approximately 60 of them to Egyptian hospitals during the past two days.

· The continued air striking has created a state of confusion, fear and horror amongst medical crews at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City. The gravity of the security conditions at the Hospital exacerbated following the heavy damages that had been caused to the Hospital when IOF warplanes bombarded al-Burno Mosque that is adjacent to the Hospital. Due to bombardment of the mosque, the windows and doors of the burns and surgery unit and the administration offices were crashed. Also the water network at the surgery unit in building no. 8 was destroyed. This created extreme difficulty that impeded the work of the medical crews at the Hospital.

· Eng. Bassam al-Hamarin, director of Engineering and Maintenance Department in the MOH, stated that the continued electric cutoffs and the shortage of spare parts required for the maintenance of many medical apparatuses and tools have impacted the efficiency and work of these apparatuses and tools. He added that this resulted in:

–         Disruption and poor efficiency of 17 central oxygen stations in Gaza hospitals, including 3 stations at Shifa Hospital that provide oxygen to internal diseases unit, chest diseases unit and the artificial kidney unit.

–         The pumps of water wells at Shifa Hospital were disrupted after sustaining heavy damages.

–         The members of the medical crews at Gaza hospitals are suffering shortages in wireless communication devices. This coincides with defectiveness in the Palestinian mobile communication network (Jawwal), increasing the gravity that faced the work of the Palestinian ambulances crews.

–         Many medicines, vaccinations and foods at Gaza hospitals are subject to decay due to continued electric cutoffs while the power generated by power generators is not sufficient to face the power shortage.

–         Shifa Hospital is suffering the continued disruption of its only cardiac catheterization apparatus. The Hospital is also suffering the disruption of the sterilization apparatuses and milk pasteurization and decontamination apparatuses that are necessary for immature neonates.

–         All hospitals in the Gaza strip are suffering shortages in spare parts required for power generators, on which Gaza hospitals mainly depend in view of continued electric cutoffs. The MOH Engineering and Maintenance Department lacks many spare parts required for the maintenance of power generators, including air filters, oil filter and filters required to separate kerosene and oil.

–         The MOH is suffering a shortage of spare parts required for its vehicles and ambulances. Due to the emergency situation in the Gaza Strip, 50% of the MOH ambulances are exceptionally operating although they lack maintenance.

· Central medical laboratories at Shifa Hospital are suffering a severe shortage in medical apparatuses, including 30 apparatuses used in blood analysis. This shortage of blood analysis apparatuses has impeded the blood transformation for the wounded. The lives of the wounded persons would be threatened in case of blood transformation without making the necessary tests.

· Gaza hospitals are suffering a shortage in medical disposables in surgery rooms, including surgical operation torches, surgical operations tables, laboratorial apparatuses, ray apparatuses and extensive care apparatuses.

· Gaza hospitals and healthcare centers are still suffering a shortage in medicines. 105 items of main medical tools and 255 of medical disposables have run out or are in short quantities. These medical supplies include the majority of medicines required for cancer patients and medicines required for sick children who are suffering from cystic fibrosis, and the health conditions of these children are seriously threatened .

· More than half a million of Palestinian students at primary, preparatory and secondary schools have been denied access to their schools. On the first day of IOF indiscriminate air raids, more than 5,000 students were subject to trauma or were injured, while attending their classes or while on their way to afternoon schools. These children are still denied access to necessary physical treatment services, due to the severe shortage in that service.

· Dr. Samir Qouta, a psychology professor at the Islamic University in Gaza City, says that there has been an increasing number of parents who visit mental health centers in the Gaza Strip to inquire how to treat the symptoms of the psychological deterioration in their children, that resulted from the terrible explosions that trembled the entire Gaza Strip. Dr. Qouta says that the symptoms of the psychological disorders caused by fear and horror of IOF incessant bombardments include bedwetting, nail-biting, fear of night, frightening nightmares, physical pains of unknown causes, crying and introversion. Dr. Qouta expects that the symptoms of the psychological deterioration in the Palestinian children would develop to include a form of violence in dealing with their peers, inability to concentrate and deterioration of educational levels. He also indicated that Palestinian children, who are subject to traumatic experience caused by IOF bombardments, become less obedient to their parents and lose the  ability to deal openly with them. Dr. Qouta expects that the psychological deterioration in the Palestinian children in the Gaza Strip would aggravate due to IOF ongoing raids.

West Bank

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

· There are approximately permanent 630 roadblocks, manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank. In addition, there are some 60-80 ‘flying’ or temporary checkpoints erected across the West Bank by IOF every week.

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall has already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

· At least 65% of the main roads that leads to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF (47 out of 72 roads).

· There are around 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

· During the reporting period, IOF arrested 3 Palestinian civilians at various checkpoints in the West Bank.

Judaization of Jerusalem: IOF have escalated arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem to force them to leave the city. During the reporting period, IOF demolished a house in Beit Hanina village near East Jerusalem.

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (24 – 31 December 2008)

1. IOF Offensive on the Gaza Strip

At approximately 11:25 on Saturday, 27 December 2008, dozens of IOF warplanes launched a wave of air strikes almost the same time throughout the Gaza Strip. This timing indicates that an Israeli decision was taken to cause maximum casualties in the climax of daily activities. It also explains the high number of victims killed or wounded in a few minutes on the bloodiest day during the 41 years of Israeli occupation. The timing of air strikes coincided with the end of the morning period and the beginning of the afternoon period at schools, many of which are located near police stations that were bombarded. IOF have bombarded civilian facilities, mosques and houses, without paying attention to the lives and safety of Palestinian civilians. Israel claims that such civilian facilities, mosques and houses were related to Hamas, but investigations conducted by PCHR indicate that IOF have used excessive lethal force and that the majority of the facilities that have been targeted are public and private property located in densely populated areas, making Palestinian civilians pay a heavy price from their lives and property. All of the victims of recent attacks are civilians, and dozens of houses have been heavily damaged. Due to the current siege imposed on the Gaza Strip, the reconstruction or reparation of the houses that have been destroyed or damaged is extremely difficult.

Northern Gaza Strip

As a result of the IOF offensive on the northern Gaza Strip, 46 Palestinians, including 27 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 11 children and 3 women. The victims include also 5 sisters and another 2 sisters and their brother. Additionally, 322 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been wounded. IOF have bombarded 5 security sites, 2 mosques, 8 houses, a workshop, a telephone control room, a number of civilian vehicles and some space areas. A number of houses and civilian facilities located near the places that have been attacked have been damaged.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:35, IOF warplanes bombarded a number of sites of Palestinian security services and training sites. As a result, 21 Palestinians, including 2 women and 3 staff members of the Palestinian Telecommunication Company, were killed.

The sites that were bombarded are:

v ‘Abdul ‘Aziz al-Rantissi site in the west of Jabalya, in which 9 security men were killed and dozens of others were wounded.

v The naval police station in the west of Beit Lahia, in which 3 security men were killed and dozens of others were wounded.

v The building of Palestinian National Security Forces in the east of Jablaya, in addition to a site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades and a room of the Palestinian Telecommunication Company, where a passing woman, 3 staff members of the company and 3 members of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades were killed.

v A site of Palestinian National Security Forces in the west of Beit Hanoun.

v A space area in al-Amal neighborhood in Beit Hanoun, where two civilians, including a woman, were killed.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 11:40, IOF warplanes bombarded al-Salatin area, west of Beit Lahia. As a result, a man, his wife and their son were wounded.

· At approximately 14:30, an IOF drone bombarded a civilian car that was traveling near Jabalya town. The car was destroyed and its driver, who is an activist of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, was killed. A number of civilian bystanders were also wounded.

· At approximately 23:50, IOF warplanes bombarded ‘Emad ‘Aqel Mosque in Block 4 in the densely populated Jabalya refugee camp. The mosque and a neighboring house belonging to Anwar Khalil Ba’lousha were destroyed. The house was destroyed over the family, killing 5 of Ba’lousha’s female children: Jawaher, 4; Dunia, 8; Samar, 12; Ikram, 14; and Tahreer, 17. Ba’lousha, his wife and another three of their children were also wounded. Additionally, 17 civilians in neighboring houses, including 5 children, were wounded.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF warplanes bombarded space areas near Beit Lahia cemetery, Tal al-Za’tar area, Jabalya town, Beit Hanoun town and Be’r al-Na’ja area area. No casualties were reported.

· At approximately 09:00, IOF warplanes bombarded space areas in the east of Jabalya town, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 09:05, IOF warplanes bombarded al-Zawia Mosque in ‘Izbat ‘Abed Rabbu area in the east of Jabalya town. The mosque was destroyed and its Imam was moderately wounded.

· At approximately 12:30, IOF warplanes attacked a number of Palestinian civilians in a farm in the east of Jabalya town. One civilian was killed and 3 others were wounded.

· At approximately 12:35, IOF warplanes bombarded an agricultural area in al-Ghoboun area in Beit Lahia town. As a result, Shadi Yousef Ghaben, 12, was killed, and another 2 children were wounded.

· At approximately 14:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to ‘Emad Sammour in Zimmu Street in the east of Jabalya town. The workshop was heavily damaged. Sammour and a number of civilians went to evacuate the contents of the workshop in a van. At approximately 15:30, IOF bombarded the van and the civilians in the area. As a result, 8 civilians, including 3 children, were killed and 4 others were seriously wounded.

· At approximately 16:50, IOF bombarded a 5-storey house belonging to Maher Zaqqout, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas in Beit Lahia housing project. The house was destroyed and dozens of neighboring houses were damaged. Additionally, 22 civilians were wounded.

· At approximately 17:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Ayman Hussein Siam, a leader of the ‘Izzidin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in al-Hawaja Street in the center of Jabalya refugee camp. The house was destroyed. A Palestinian child, 16-year-old Tariq Yasser ‘Afana, was killed and 12 others were wounded.

· At approximately 17:55, IOF warplanes bombarded a small house belonging to Salman Salman in Tal al-Za’tar area. The house was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 18:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a 3-storey house belonging to ‘Abdul Karim al-Ja’ber in Beit Lahia housing project. The house was heavily damaged, but no casualties were reported as the house had been already evacuated.

Tuesday, 30 December 2008

· At approximately 04:10, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to ‘Adnan ‘Abed Rayan in al-Junaina quarter in Jabalya town. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged. The house had been already evacuated.

· At approximately 16:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to ‘Abdul Karim al-Sha’er in al-Junaina quarter in Jabalya. They bombarded the house again at 04:55 and 05:20. the house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged. Ten civilians were also wounded.

· At approximately 08:15, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at 3 children from the Hamdan family who were near their house in al-Sikka Street in the west of Beit Hanoun town. Two children were killed: Lamia, 4; and Haya, 11. Their brother was also wounded.

· At approximately 13:00, an IOF aircraft fired a missile Mohammed Akram Shabat, 23, a resistance activist, when he was walking in the center of Beit Hanoun town. He was wounded by shrapnel to the back.

· At approximately 13:10, IOF attacked a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance on al-Kashef Hill. Two activists were wounded.

· At approximately 15:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to Ahmed Abu Hussein in the center of Jabalya refugee camp. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged. Two Palestinian civilians were wounded.

· At approximately 20:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Mohammed ‘Ouda near Kamal ‘Edwan Hospital in Beit Lahia town. The house was damaged. IOF warplanes bombarded the house again 10 minutes later. The house was destroyed a number of neighboring houses were heavily damaged.

· At approximately 21:10, IOF warplanes fired missiles at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in Jabalya town. Two activists were wounded.

· At approximately 21:50, IOF warplanes fired missiles at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance  near al-Shaimaa’ School in Beit Lahia town. Two activists were seriously wounded and one of them died from his wound later.

· At approximately 23:20, IOF warplanes bombarded an agricultural area in Fad’ous quarter in Beit Lahia town. A number of green houses were destroyed.

Wednesday, 31 December 2008

· At approximately 02:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-store house belonging to Yousef al-Najma in al-Twam area in the west of Jabalya. They first fired a warning missile at the house and the familt evacuated it. The warplanes then bombarded the house destroying it. A number of neighboring houses were damaged.

· At approximately 18:30, medical sources at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City declared that 11-year-old Isma’il Talal Hamdan died from a wound he had sustained near his house on the preceding day. Two of his sister died in that attack.

· At approximately 22:25, IOF bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Jom’a ‘Alloush in the center of Beit Hanoun. As a result, Fatema ‘Alloush, 65, was killed, and the owner’s wife and two grandsons were shocked.

Gaza City

As a result of the IOF offensive on Gaza City, 153 Palestinians, including 45 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 10 children and 7 women. The victims also 9 students of an UNRWA vocational training center, 3 brothers, a physician, a paramedic and a man and his two children. Additionally, 250 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been wounded. IOF have bombarded 14 security sites, 3 charities, the compound of ministries, the building of the Palestinian Legislative Council, the building of the cabinet, the buildings of the Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Interior, 2 mosques, 8 houses, 10 workshops and shops, 3 educational institutions, the building of a television channel, Gaza Harbor, a sports club and 3 money exchange shops. IOF have bombarded a number of security sites more than once. A number of houses and civilian facilities located near the places that have been attacked have been damaged.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:25 on Saturday, IOF warplanes bombarded Arafat police compound in the center of Gaza City, where the ceremony of graduation of trained officers was being conducted; the headquarters of the past Preventive Security Service and offices of Wa’ed Society for Prisoners in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood in the south of Gaza City; al-Mashtal site in the Beach camp in the west of the city; al-‘Abbas police station; a bust garage belonging to Hamas near Gaza Harbor; and the headquarters of the Security and Protection Service and the presidential compound in the west of the city. They also bombarded a police station in al-Daraj neighborhood in the east of Gaza City, a site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas in al-Shoja’iya neighborhood and another one in al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the east of the city; a house belonging to the Humaid family in al-Tuffah neighborhood in the east of the city. At approximately 15:30, IOF warplanes bombarded the main gate of al-Saraya security compound in the center of Gaza City.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF warplanes bombarded al-Burno Mosque near Shifa Hospital and 2 smith workshops belonging to the Khawaja and Abu Jahal families in the center of Gaza City.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of al-Aqsa Satellite Television in al-Nasser Street in the north of Gaza City.

· At approximately 05:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a 3-storey house belonging to the Selmi family in al-Zaytoun neighborhood.

· At approximately 08:00, IOF warplanes bombarded al-Shoja’iya police station in the east of Gaza City.

· At approximately 09:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a store of weapons in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood, a divan of the al-‘Ashi family in al-Remal neighborhood and a site of the National Security Forces in al-Nasser neighborhood.

· At approximately 10:10, IOF warplanes bombarded a space area in Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in the north of Gaza City.

· At approximately 10:20, IOF warplanes bombarded a police vehicle in al-Zaytoun neighborhood.

· At approximately 11:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a part of al-Saraya security compound, which includes Gaza Central Prison, in the center of Gaza City.

· At approximately 15:20, IOF warplanes bombarded 2 flats in al-Azhar and the Education apartment buildings in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood. The two flats were heavily damaged.

· At approximately 16:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a police vehicle near Firas Market in the center of Gaza City. The vehicle was destroyed.

· At approximately 18:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a workshop belonging to Eyad ‘Abdul Hadi Rajab in Yafa Street.

· Also at approximately 18:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to Shareef Loulu and another workshop belonging to his brother. The two workshops were destroyed.

· At approximately 19:00, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a two-storey house belonging to ‘Abdullah Tawfiq Kishku in al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the east of Gaza City. The house was destroyed killing Kishku’s daughter, 8-year-old Ibtihal, and his daughter-in-law, 22-year-old Maisaa’. Kishku himself and 13 members of his family were also wounded.

· At approximately 20:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of the past Preventive Security Services, which had been bombarded on the preceding day.

· At approximately 20:10, IOF warplanes bombarded the police station of the Beach camp. The station was destroyed.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 00:15, IOF warplanes bombarded the labs building in the Islamic University in Gaza City. The building was destroyed and a number of other buildings were damaged.

· Also at approximately IOF gunships bombarded the fishing harbor and a naval police station in the west of Gaza City.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to ‘Abdullah ‘Ali Lubbad in the Beach camp. The house was burnt.

· Also at approximately 01:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a workshop belonging to Mahmoud al-Bahtiti near ‘Asqoula intersection. The workshop was destroyed.

· At approximately 02:30, IOF bombarded a 3-storey house belonging to ‘Alaa’ Mohammed ‘Oqailan in the Beach camp. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were heavily damaged. No casualties were reported as these houses had been already evacuated.

· At approximately 05:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a barnyard belonging to Eyad ‘Abdul Hadi Rajab. A number of animals were killed.

· At approximately 06:50, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of the past Preventive Security Service again. They also bombarded it at approximately 07:15.

· At approximately 09:30, IOF warplanes bombarded Gaza Harbor and a naval police station. Three fishing boats were damaged.

· At approximately 13:15, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of Palestinian Wounded Association in the Beach camp.

· At approximately 16:45, IOF warplanes bombarded a 3-storey house belonging to Zaki Khalil Abu ‘Ouda.

· At approximately 17:05, IOF warplanes bombarded the yard of the Beach School in the Beach camp.

· At approximately 22:00, IOF warplanes bombarded an uninhabited house belonging to Hussein Hassaniya in al-Remal neighborhood.

Tuesday, 3 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a restaurant belonging to Jamal Saleh Abu Sha’ban.

· At approximately 01:20, IOF warplanes bombarded Shams Sports Club in al-Sabra neighborhood.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF warplanes bombarded the compound of ministries in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood.

· At approximately 01:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station in Sheikh ‘Ejlin neighborhood.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the compound of ministries in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood in the second time in less than half an hour.

· Also at approximately 02:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station near al-Maqqoussi housing project.

· Also at approximately 02:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the southern fence of Sami al-‘Alami Secondary School near al-Maqqoussi housing project.

· At approximately 03:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the compound of ministries in Tal al-Hawa neighborhood for the third time in less than an hour.

· At approximately 03:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a factory of oxygen packing belonging to Wasset ‘Abdul Qader in al-Sabra neighborhood.

· At approximately 04:30, IOF warplanes bombarded Shams Sports Club in al-Sabra neighborhood again.

· At approximately 18:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a farm in al-Mughraqa village, south of Gaza City. Two guards were killed.

Wednesday, 31 December 2008

· At approximately 00:30, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in the east of Gaza City. An activist was killed and another one was wounded. An hour later, a Palestinian ambulance moved towards the area to evacuate the wounded activist. An IOF aircraft fired a missile at the same area. As a result, Sa’id Abu Hassira, 21, a paramedic was killed. Eihab ‘Omar al-Madhoun, 35, a physician, and Hishamt ‘Ajjour, 30, the ambulance driver, were seriously wounded.

Central Gaza Strip

As a result of the IOF offensive on the central Gaza Strip, 88 Palestinians, including 20 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 4 children and an old man. Additionally, 134 Palestinians, including 22 children and 11 women, have been wounded. IOF have bombarded 14 security and training sites, 4 houses,  a workshop, a mosque and a civilian vehicle. A number of houses and civilian facilities located near the places that have been attacked have been damaged.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:25, IOF warplanes bombarded 15 sites throughout the central Gaza Strip: A civil defense station and a police station in al-Zahraa’ town; Fayez Jarad site of the Palestinian National Security Forces near al-Mughraqa village; a police station and a site of the Internal Security Service in Abu Meddain area; a civil defense station, 5 police stations and a site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas in Deir al-Balah; a site of the National Security Forces in al-Maghazi refugee camp; a site of the National Security Forces in al-Boreij refugee camp; and a site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades near Gaza Valley.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 02:45, Israeli warplanes bombarded a house belonging to the al-Shaf’ei family in al-Boreij refugee camp after ordering the family to vacate it. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were heavily damaged.

· At approximately 09:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station in al-Nussairat refugee camp.

· At approximately 20:00, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a civilian car in Block 2 in al-Nussairat refugee camp. Three Palestinian civilians, including a child, were killed.

· At approximately 23:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to Eihab Wishah, which is located under a 5-storey house belonging to his father. The workshop was destroyed and the house was damaged.

· At approximately 23:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Talal Hassan ‘Eid. The house was destroyed and 2 neighboring houses were damaged. No casualties were reported as the house had been already evacuated.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 07:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station in the west of al-Nussairat refugee camp. The station was destroyed.

· At approximately 12:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a tract of agricultural land belonging to the Abu Meddain clan in the east of al-Boreij refugee camp. A number of nearby houses were damaged.

· At approximately 13:45, an IOF drone fired a missile at a site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas. The site was damaged.

· At approximately 18:50, an IOF drone fired a missile at a civilian car that was traveling near Palestine Technical College in Deir al-Balah town. The missile went astray and the passengers were able to escape.

· At approximately 21:00, medical sources at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City declared that Suhail Nawaf al-Ta’ban, 35, died from a wound he had sustained on Saturday, 27 December 2008, when IOF warplanes bombarded a police station in Deir al-Balah. He was passing by the area at the time of the attack.

· At approximately 22:00, IOF gunboats opened fire at the beaches of al-Nussairat refugee camp and Deir al-Balah town. No casualties were reported, but Palestinian civilians were extremely terrified.

Tuesday, 30 December 2008

· At approximately 02:00, IOF warplanes bombarded ‘Omar Ben al-Khattab Mosque in Block 9 in al-Boreij refugee camp. The mosque was destroyed and a kindergarten under it and desalination plant atop of it were damaged. A clinic near the mosque, a school and a number of houses were heavily damaged. No casualties were reported.

· At approximately 08:25, an IOF drone fired a missile at a space area in the east of al-Boreij refugee camp.

· At approximately 12:30, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a member of Hamas in al-Heker area in Deir al-Balah town. He was instantly killed.

· At approximately 15:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Fat’hi Mohammed Abu Kmail, 30, in al-Mughraqa village. The house and 4 neighboring houses belonging to the Abu Kmail clan, in which 30 people live, were destroyed and 10 others were damaged. Eight Palestinian civilians living in these houses, including 3 children and a woman, were wounded. A passing civilian was also seriously wounded.

· At approximately 16:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to ‘Abdul Nasser ‘Ali al-Mana’ma in al-Maghazi refugee camp. The house and a neighboring house belonging to ‘Atiya Nasser Abu Zaher were destroyed.

Khan Yunis

As a result of the IOF offensive on Khan Yunis District, 28 Palestinians, including 17 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 3 children. Additionally, 125 Palestinians, including 22 children and 9 women, have been wounded. IOF have bombarded 11 security sites, 4 training sites of resistance groups, 7 workshops and shops, 7 houses, a clinic, the building of a municipality and a mosque. A number of houses and civilian facilities located near the places that have been attacked have been damaged.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:25, IOF warplanes bombarded sites of the riot control police, the Internal Security Service and the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas and the building of the agricultural control department in the west of Khan Yunis. They also bombarded training sites of Palestinian resistance groups and a naval police station in the west and south of Khan Yunis. As a result, 16 Palestinians were killed, including 11 civilians, one of them is a child. Eight of the victims were killed in the attack against the agricultural control department. The victims were on duty.

· At approximately 17:30, Israeli warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to the al-Jabri family in al-Amal neighborhood in the west of Khan Yunis.

· At approximately 20:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a shop of coffee machines in Jalal Street in the center of the town. The shop was destroyed and a policeman was wounded.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 03:00, Israeli warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to the Baraka family in Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Yunis.

· At approximately 08:50, IOF warplanes bombarded a greenhouse in al-Qarara village, east of Khan Yunis.

· At the same time, IOF warplanes bombarded agricultural areas in Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis, wounding a 14-year-old child seriously.

· At approximately 14:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a riot control police station in the west of Khan Yunis again. They also fired a missile at a vehicle of the Palestinian Energy Authority. The vehicle was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 20:15, IOF warplanes bombarded ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Mosque in ‘Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. The mosque was destroyed and a number of nearby houses and a kindergarten were damaged.

· At approximately 21:15, IOF warplanes fired a missile at a number of activists of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas. An activist, 22-year-old Ahmed As’ad Fayad, was killed, and another one was wounded.

· Also at approximately 21:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Mohammed al-Buraim, an activist of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged.

· At approximately 23:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a room in ‘Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. The room was destroyed.

· At approximately 23:25, IOF warplanes bombarded a flat belonging to Mousa Mohammed Abu Tu’aima and rented by Bilal Abu ‘Aassi in Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Yunis. The flat and the whole building were heavily damaged.

· At approximately 23:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Tayseer Ameen al-Mubasher in Khan Yunis refugee camp. The house was destroyed.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 00:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to Ibrahim Suleiman Radwan in Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Yunis. The workshop was heavily damaged.

· At approximately 00:30, IOF warplanes bombarded ‘Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. No casualties were reported.

· At approximately 02:20, IOF gunboats fired a number of shells at a naval police station ands at space areas in the west of Khan Yunis.

· At approximately 13:10, IOF warplanes bombarded a security site in the west of al-Qarara village, north of Khan Yunis. No casualties were reported.

· At approximately 14:25, IOF warplanes attacked a number of activists of the al-Quds Brigades of Islamic Jihad in ‘Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. Four activists, including 2 brothers, and a child were killed and 5 others, including a child, were wounded.

· At approximately 15:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a 2-storey house belonging to Suleiman Mohammed Baraka in Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Yunis. Baraka’s mother and child were seriously wounded.

· At approximately 15:50, an IOF warplane fired a missile at the guard of an UNRWA school in Khan Yunis refugee camp. He was seriously wounded by shrapnel to the abdomen and the legs. He died from his wound on the following day morning. The victim was identified as Yahia Mohammed Abu Nemer, 45.

· At approximately 16:25, IOF warplanes bombarded a training site of al-Ahrar movement in the west of Khan Yunis. The site was destroyed.

· At approximately 16:35, IOF warplanes bombarded a deserted workshop in the west of Khan Yunis.

· At approximately 22:00, IOF gunboats fired at least 10 shells at space areas in the west of Khan Yunis. No casualties were reported.

Tuesday, 30 December 2008

· At approximately 03:05, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of the Municipality of Bani Suhaila. The building was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged.

· At approximately 03:20, IOF warplanes bombarded al-Qarar police station in Salah al-Din Street. The station was destroyed. IOF warplanes bombarded the area again nearly 20 minutes later.

· At approximately 08:35, IOF warplane bombarded a site of the Security and Protection Service in the west of Khan Yunis. The site was destroyed.

· At approximately 09:35, IOF warplanes attacked a number of Palestinians near al-Qarara police station. Three of them were wounded.

· At approximately 10:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a kiosk in the center of Khan Yunis. It was destroyed.

· At approximately 11:00, medical sources at Gaza European Hospital in Khan Yunis declared that Ayman Yousef al-Majaida, 45, an activist of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, died from a wound he had sustained on Saturday, 27 December 2008.

· At approximately 21:00, IOF gunboats fired at least 10 shells at a naval police station in the west of Khan Yunis.

Wednesday, 31 December 2008

· At approximately 02:35, IOF warplanes bombarded a security site in the east of ‘Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. The site was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 03:30, IO warplanes bombarded a money exchange shop belonging to ‘Emad al-Khuzondar in the center of Khan Yunis. The shop was destroyed and a number of neighboring shops were damaged, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 12:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to Hani ‘Abdul Karim Abu Sabet to the east of the building of Khan Yunis Governorate. The house was destroyed, and Abu Sabet and another 3 civilians who were standing near it were wounded.

· At approximately 14:40, IOF warplanes fired a missile at a 4-storey house belonging to Rafe’ Salama, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas. The missile hit the fourth floor causing extensive destruction. Immediately, the family evacuated the house. Soon after, IOF warplanes bombarded the house destroying it. Two neighboring houses were heavily damaged and a passing civilian was wounded.

· At approximately 15:20, IOF warplanes bombarded an animal cart in Bani Suhaila village. Two Palestinians were on the cart moving belongings of the Abu Sabet family whose house was destroyed. The two were killed: Nafez Kamal Abu Sabet, 27; and Mohammed Isma’il Abu Daqqa, 25.

· At approximately 17:45, IOF troops positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at Palestinian houses and agricultural areas in ‘Abassan village. As a result, 17-year-old Tha’er Jihad al-Najjar was wounded by a gunshot to the head when he was near his house.

· At approximately 22:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a 3-storey house belonging to the al-Najjar clan in Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis. The house was heavily damaged.

· At approximately 22:40, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to the al-Jabri family in Khan Yunis. The workshop was destroyed and 2 Palestinian civilians were wounded.

· At approximately 23:40, IOF warplanes a clinic in Gizan al-Najjar area in the south of Khan Yunis. The clinic was destroyed.

Rafah

As a result of the IOF offensive on Rafah, 18 Palestinians, including 13 civilians, have been killed. The victims include 5 children and a woman. The victims include 3 brothers, a preacher, a physician, a nurse and a lawyer. Additionally, 165 Palestinians, mostly civilians, including 45 children and 23 women, have been wounded. The wounded include 48 civilians, including 15 children and 15 women, who were wounded in one air strike against al-Shaboura refugee camp in Rafah. IOF have bombarded 11 security sites, 3 training sites of resistance groups, a warehouse of medicines, the building of the Municipality of Rafah, the building of Rafah Governorate, the fishing harbor, 2 workshops and a number of tunnels. Many families have been forced to leave their houses near the Egyptian border towards UNRWA schools in the town.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:25, IOF warplanes fired several missiles at the Palestinian security compound, which includes buildings of the Palestinian National Security Forces, Internal Security Service and Police, in Abu Baker Street in the center of Rafah, and at a number of training sites of Palestinian resistance groups in Tal al-Sultan neighborhood in the west of the town. The targeted buildings were completely destroyed. The attacks were concentrated on the police station, whose vicinity was witnessing active movement of civilians and school children who were on their way to their schools in the area. As a result, 12 Palestinians were killed, including a child, a preacher, an Imam of a mosque, a physician, a nurse and a lawyer. Bodies of the victims were dismembered. Additionally, a mosque and a number of houses, shops, workshops and vehicles were damaged. On Wednesday, 31 December 2008, medical sources in Cairo declared that Mahmoud Majed Abu Nahla, 17, who was wounded in these attacks, died from his wound. Thus, the number of Palestinians killed as a result of these attacks mounted to 13, including 8 civilians.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 03:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a smith workshop belonging to Abu Mousa family in al-Junaina neighborhood in the center of Rafah.

· At approximately 06:50, IOF warplanes bombarded a medical warehouse belonging to the Abu Hashem family in the same area. Fire broke out in the warehouse, where benzene was stored. The fire extended to 5 neighboring houses.

· At approximately 07:30, IOF warplanes bombarded a police station, which had been already evacuated, in Tal al-Sultan neighborhood in the west of Rafah.

· At approximately 08:00, IOF warplanes bombarded a site of the Palestinian National Security Forces in the east of Rafah.

· At approximately 08:20, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station at the coast.

· At approximately 10:50, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of Rafah Governorate near Rafah International Crossing Point.

· At approximately 16:20, IOF warplanes bombarded several sites along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, south of Rafah. As a result, a security site, a number of tunnels and some fuel tanks were destroyed. A number of houses were also damaged. Additionally, 6 Palestinian civilians were wounded and many people were forced to leave their hoses towards UNRWA schools.

· At approximately 16:30, IOF warplanes fired 3 missiles at a number of activists of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas near ‘Ali Ben Abu Taleb Mosque. Three activists were wounded.

· At approximately 20:45, IOF warplanes fired a missile at a carpentry workshop belonging to the Abu Taha family in ‘Omar Ben al-Khattab Street. The workshop was destroyed an a number of neighboring houses and shops were damaged.

· At approximately 23:45, IOF warplanes bombarded the building of the Municipality of Rafah. The upper floor of the building was destroyed and a number of nearby houses were damaged.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 00:50, IOF warplanes bombarded a naval police station and the fishing harbor in the west of Rafah. The station and the harbor were heavily damaged.

· At approximately 01:00, IOF warplanes fired two missiles at a house belonging to Ra’ed al-‘Attar, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in Yebna refugee camp in Rafah. One of the missile hit and destroyed the house that had been already evacuated. The other missile hit and destroyed a house belonging to Zaid al-‘Absi, which is located nearly 500 meters away from the targeted house. As a result, three of al-‘Absi’s children were killed: Sidqi, 3; Ahmed, 12; and Mohammed, 14. Al-‘Absi himself, his wife and another three of their children were also wounded. Additionally, 7 civilians living in neighboring houses, including two children, were wounded.

· At approximately 04:00, IOF warplanes bombarded the border area between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, south of Rafah. The bombardment continued until 07:30, during which time 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded.

Tuesday, 30 December 2008

· At approximately 04:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to ‘Adnan Yousef Rayan, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in al-Junaina neighborhood in Rafah. The house was destroyed and 11 Palestinian civilians were wounded.

· Also at approximately 04:15, IOF warplanes bombarded a house belonging to ‘Abdul Karim Hamdan al-Sha’er, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in al-Junaina neighborhood in Rafah. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged.

· At approximately 13:20, an IOF drone fired a missile at Musabbeh police station in the north of Rafah. The station was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

· At approximately 13:30, an IOF helicopter dropped a box of flyers at an UNRWA school. The box damaged a classroom. The flyers, which were issued by IOF, include threats to Palestinian civilians to stay away from militants and stores of weapons.

· At approximately 17:50, IOF warplanes bombarded tunnels along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, south of Rafah. The bombardment caused 12 heavy explosions that damaged several houses.

Wednesday, 31 December 2008

· At approximately 00:10, an IOF drone fired a missile at a tunnel in al-Salam neighborhood in the south of Rafah. A number of houses in the area were damaged.

· At approximately 02:05, an IOF drone fired a missile at a tunnel in al-Brazil neighborhood in the south of Rafah. A number of houses in the area were damaged.

· At approximately 02:25, IOF helicopter gunships fired 3 missiles at stores of fuels in Kherbat al-‘Adas area in the north of Rafah. The stores were destroyed.

· At approximately 03:15, an IOF drone fired 2 missiles at a house belonging to Mohammed Jebril al-Shamali, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in al-Brazil neighborhood in the south of Rafah. The house was heavily damaged. A number of neighboring houses were also damaged.

· At approximately 10:40, an IOF drone fired a missile at a tunnel in al-Salam neighborhood in the south of Rafah. A number of houses in the area were damaged.

· At approximately 11:50, an IOF drone fired a missile at a house belonging to Fawzi Ahmed Abu Naja, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, near the building of the Municipality of Rafah.

· At approximately 12:00, IOF warplanes bombarded Abu Naja’s house again. The house was destroyed and a number of neighboring houses were damaged. The house had been evacuated as the owner received a phone call from IOF informing him that the house would be bombarded.

· At approximately 14:00, an IOF drone fired a missile at a 3-storey house belonging to Zaher ‘Abdul Hamid al-Farra, a leader of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades of Hamas, in Yebna refugee camp in Rafah. Twenty minutes later, IOF warplanes bombarded the house. The house and a neighboring house were destroyed.

· At approximately 19:20, IOF warplanes bombarded tunnels along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, south of Rafah. The bombardment caused 8 heavy explosions that damaged several houses.

· At approximately 23:15, IOF warplanes bombarded tunnels along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, south of Rafah. The bombardment damaged several houses.

· At approximately 23:25, IOF warplanes bombarded the Star Park in the densely populated al-Shaboura refugee camp in Rafah. As a result, woman and a policeman were killed. The woman was sleeping at home. Additionally, 48 civilians, including 15 children and 15 women, were wounded when they were inside their houses. Dozens of houses were damaged.

2. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

Wednesday, 24 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Sakher Yousef ‘Aadi, 20.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Shyoukh village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Palestinian communities in the south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 19:00, IOF helicopter gunships fired 3 missiles at a number of activists of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) who were firing mortars at Israeli territory form the Airport Street in al-Shouka village, east of Rafah. An activist, 20-year-old Yahia Zakaria al-Sha’er, from Rafah, was killed, and two others were wounded.

Thursday, 25 December 2008

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Fahma village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

Friday, 26 December 2008

· At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Kufor Ra’ei village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 27 December 2008

· At approximately 11:00, medical sources at the Gaza European Hospital in Khan Yunis declared that Hani ‘Awad Abu Suhaiban, 14, died from a previous wound he had sustained on 2 December 2008. According to PCHR’s documentation, on that day, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of Palestinian children who were sitting on the roadside in the Airport Street in al-Shouka village, southeast of Rafah. Two children were instantly killed and another two, including Abu Suhaiban, were wounded. An IOF spokesman claimed that the aircraft attacked a number of persons who fired mortars at IOF military posts and the Israeli territory. Nevertheless, residents of the area stressed that the aircraft attacked a number of children who were sitting on the roadside.

· At approximately 14:00, dozens of Palestinian children demonstrated at the main entrance of al-‘Eissawia village, east of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops arrived at the area and fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the children. Several children suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· At approximately 16:00, dozens of Palestinian children demonstrated in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. Several children suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· Also at approximately 16:00, dozens of Palestinian children demonstrated in ‘Anata village, northeast of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops moved into the village and fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. Several children suffered from tear gas inhalation.

Sunday, 28 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Housan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1.      Mohammed Khalil Shousha, 17;

2.      ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ‘Aadel Shousha, 17; and

3.      Mohammed Ma’rouf Shousha, 17.

· At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 11:30, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops moved into the camp and fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, a demonstrator was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right eye. IOF troops also arrested 4 demonstrators.

· At approximately 12:00, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in the center of Hebron in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. They threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets at the demonstrators. As a result, 11 demonstrators, including 2 children, were wounded:

1.      Mohsen Ibrahim al-Sarahna, 18, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right thigh;

2.      Mansour Nayef al-Najjar, 20, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right buttock;

3.      Mohammed Fareed Jaber, 17, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the head;

4.      Mohammed Fawzi al-Jamal, 21, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to left thigh;

5.      Malek Mohammed Qaffisha, 22, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right leg;

6.      Mujahed Mohammed Abu Rmouz, 19, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left thigh;

7.      Nafez Isma’il al-Sharawna, 18, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to right thigh;

8.      Mohammed Fawzi Faraj, 14, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to left thigh;

9.      Mahmoud Mohammed Rajabi, 20, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the knee;

10.  Nour al-Din ‘Ali Da’na, 18, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right foot; and

11.  Fadi Mohammed ‘Amru, 19, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right foot.

· Also at approximately 12:00, scores of children and young men demonstrated at the main entrance of Bani Na’im village, northeast of Hebron, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. They threw stones at IOF military vehicles. Immediately, an Israeli settler fired the demonstrators wounding Mohammed Haitham Taraira, 19, with a gunshot to the right thigh.

· At approximately 12:30, IOF moved into al-‘Eissawiya village, east of Jerusalem. IOF moved into al-‘Eissawia village, east of Jerusalem. Dozens of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators wounding a child with a rubber-coated metal bullet to the left eye. IOF troops also arrested 3 demonstrators.

· At approximately 13:00, scores of Palestinian children demonstrated at the main entrance of Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. They threw stones at IOF troops positioned in the area. Immediately, IOF fired at the demonstrators. As a result, ‘Araft Rateb al-Khawaja, 21, was killed by 2 gunshots to the heart and the back. Three demonstrators were also wounded:

1.      Nohammed Qassem al-Khawaja, 20, seriously wounded by a gunshot to the head and was declared clinically dead (he was pronounced physically dead on 31 December 2008);

2.      Mohammed ‘Abdul Karim Sorour, 37, hit by shrapnel from a tear gas canister to the left foot; abd

3.      Mohammed Kamal ‘Amira, 38, hit by a tear gas canister to the face.

· At approximately 13:30, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in Abu Dis town, east of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, Hammam Mohammed Mohsen, 16, was seriously wounded by 3 rubber-coated metal bullets to the head.

· At approximately 14:30, scores of Palestinian children and young men in al-Ram village, north of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. The demonstrators moved towards Qalandya checkpoint to the north of the village and threw stones at IOF troops positioned in the area. Immediately, IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, Nader Baibars, a photographer of Palmedia, was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the foot.

· At approximately 19:00, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated at the southwestern entrance of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. They threw stones at an IOF military post in the area. Immediately, IOF fired at the demonstrators. As a result, Mohammed Hussein Hamed, 17, was killed by 2 gunshots to the abdomen and a third one to the chest. According to eyewitnesses, IOF troops shot Hamed from a range of less than 50 meters.

Monday, 29 December 2008

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

1.      Ra’fat Hatem al-Khatib, 21;

2.      Mohammed Hatem al-Khatib, 18;

3.      Mahdi ‘Abdul Mo’men Abu Rahma, 19; and

4.      ‘Aqeed Jadallah al-Khatib, 19.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians:

1.      ‘Eissa Mohammed ‘Awadh, 20; and

2.      Yousef ‘Ali ‘Awadh, 21.

· At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Madama village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

1.      Mohammed Zaher al-Qut, 22;

2.      Yasar ‘Omar Nassar, 21;

3.      Nohammed Jaber Nassar, 21; and

4.      Kamal Na’im Nassar, 22.

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-‘Eissawia village, east of Jerusalem. Dozens of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. Several demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· At approximately 11:00, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of Jerusalem, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops moved into the camp and fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. Several demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

· Also at approximately 11:00, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated in al-Tour neighborhood in East Jerusalem in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. Several demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation and IOF arrested 4 demonstrators.

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into East Toura village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Fayez Mohammed Qabaha, 16, and arrested him.

Tuesday, 30 December 2008

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Rajabi quarter in Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Daoud Mohammed al-Rajabi and arrested 3 of his sons: ‘Emad, 21; Salah, 19; and Saleh, 17.

· At approximately 14:30, scores of Palestinian children and young men demonstrated at the entrance of al-Fawar refugee camp, southwest of Hebron, in protest to the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip. IOF troops fired gunshots, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, 3 demonstrators, including 2 children, were wounded:

1.      Nour Shaher Doudin, 13, seriously wounded by a gunshot to the back;

2.      Ibrahim Yousef al-Titi, 14, wounded by a gunshot to the thigh; and

3.      Yousef Nayef al-Qazzaz, 19, wounded by a gunshot to the abdomen.

· At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into Hawara village, south of Nablus, and imposed a curfew.

· Also at approximately 15:30, IOF moved into Beita village, south of Nablus. They stormed the main market of vegetables and forced all traders out. They ordered the closure of the market on Tuesday and Wednesday.

· At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. Neither arrests not casualties were reported.

· Also at approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Fahma village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. Neither arrests not casualties were reported.

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into ‘Anza village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested ‘Aaref ‘Abdullah Barahma, 15.

· Also at approximately 16:30, IOF moved into al-Zawia village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. Neither arrests not casualties were reported.

Wednesday, 31 December 2008

· At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Til village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Khader village, southwest of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian children:

1.      Haitham Sayel ‘Eissa, 17;

2.      Bilal ‘Ali Subaih, 17; and

3.      ‘Eissa Fayeq Salah, 16.

· Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Housan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians:

1.      Sami ‘Aamer Sabatin, 23; and

2.      Mohammed ‘Abdul Hakim Sabatin, 18.

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Abu Dis town, southeast of Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Aanas Suleiman al-‘Abbasi, 25.

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tarqoumia village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· Also at approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1.      Mohammed al-Sheikh Qassem, 22;

2.      Sharhabeel Mustafa Salama, 20; and

3.      Fadi ‘Adnan al-Kanash, 18.

3. Continued Siege on the OPT

IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

IOF have continued to impose a siege on the 1.5 million civilians of the Gaza Strip. The border crossings of the Strip have been closed for more than two years as part of IOF’s collective punishment policy, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of civilians and goods. As a result, the territory is unable to secure its basic needs of food, medicine, and other supplies, pushing the poverty rate above 80%.

The continued Israeli ban on fuel supplies required for civilian life in the Gaza Strip has led to the paralysis of the educational sector. Healthcare facilities have registered a drop in clients due to the transport crisis, and hundreds of healthcare professionals have been unable to reach their work places.

The tightened siege has led to the collapse of the Gaza Strip economic sectors. Most production facilities have ceased to operate due to the siege and restriction on movement of goods and individuals.

With regard to Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border, the Egyptian authorities started to open it limitedly for some patients.

IOF allow a very limited number of seriously ill patients and staff of international organizations to pass through Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing. IOF have also prevented families of at least 900 Palestinians detained in Israeli jails from visiting them since 6 June 2007.

The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health. IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Following the attack on IOF on 25 June 2006, IOF prevented fishing. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza’s coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2,500 fishermen, 2,500 support staff and their families. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. The Oslo Accords allow Palestinian fishermen to go fishing up to 20 nautical miles away from the Gaza seashore.

Under the IOF offensive on the Gaza Strip, the Gaza civilian population are suffering serious deterioration in the humanitarian situation. The resulting acute humanitarian crisis is increasingly and seriously impacting living conditions of Palestinian civilians, which have been already deteriorating due to the tightened siege imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip from the land, air and sea for more than 18 months. Due to this siege, Palestinian civilians have been denied their economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights.

The deterioration taking place in health conditions in the Gaza Strip exacerbated due to the high number of the dead and the wounded who fell due to IOF raids. This exacerbating deterioration comes along with the tightened total siege that has been imposed on the Gaza Strip, including the closure of Gaza border crossings for more than 18 months. The siege has impacted all medical institutions in the Gaza Strip, including hospitals and primary healthcare centers that have become unable to meet the needs of the civilian population and, as a result, have been unable to ensure physical and mental healthcare. This situation has impacted the capacity of Gaza medical institutions to provide medical services to the Gaza civilian population. The state of fear and horror caused by IOF barbarian raids affected the standard of civilians’ enjoyment of their right to health, including inability to access medical institutions due the gravity of the security conditions, or due to medical institutions’ incapacity to respond to the needs of hundreds of wounded persons and thousands of patients. Medical sources in the MOH in Gaza and at Shifa Hospital, the main treatment provider in the Gaza strip, stated the following:

· Gaza hospitals suffer severe shortage in beds that are required to receive hundreds of victims of IOF raids. There are approximately 1,200 beds in all Gaza hospitals. At Shifa Hospital, there are 530 beds, including 135 beds used for primary healthcare provision. Medical crews at Gaza hospitals and clinics have been unable to provide beds to treat and hospitalize the wounded persons, due to the high numbers of the wounded who arrived at hospitals and clinics in the wake of IOF air raids. Approximately 319 dead persons and more than 1,000 wounded persons have been admitted into Gaza hospitals within the past four days. The wounded who have been admitted into hospitals are being treated and hospitalized under severe shortages in medicines and medical supplies. Medical crews are also bearing utmost suffering due to continued electricity cutoffs.

· The different units at Shifa Hospital and other hospitals in the Gaza Strip are still suffering incapacity to provide treatment and medical services to approximately 390 persons who have been wounded in IOF ongoing military operation, due to unavailability of material capacities and medical apparatuses that are required for their treatment. These 390 wounded persons need to be urgently and promptly referred to treatment abroad for their serious injuries. The MOH has managed to refer approximately 60 of them to Egyptian hospitals during the past two days.

· The continued air striking has created a state of confusion, fear and horror amongst medical crews at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City. The gravity of the security conditions at the Hospital exacerbated following the heavy damages that had been caused to the Hospital when IOF warplanes bombarded al-Burno Mosque that is adjacent to the Hospital. Due to bombardment of the mosque, the windows and doors of the burns and surgery unit and the administration offices were crashed. Also the water network at the surgery unit in building no. 8 was destroyed. This created extreme difficulty that impeded the work of the medical crews at the Hospital.

· Eng. Bassam al-Hamarin, director of Engineering and Maintenance Department in the MOH, stated that the continued electric cutoffs and the shortage of spare parts required for the maintenance of many medical apparatuses and tools have impacted the efficiency and work of these apparatuses and tools. He added that this resulted in:

–         Disruption and poor efficiency of 17 central oxygen stations in Gaza hospitals, including 3 stations at Shifa Hospital that provide oxygen to internal diseases unit, chest diseases unit and the artificial kidney unit.

–         The pumps of water wells at Shifa Hospital were disrupted after sustaining heavy damages.

–         The members of the medical crews at Gaza hospitals are suffering shortages in wireless communication devices. This coincides with defectiveness in the Palestinian mobile communication network (Jawwal), increasing the gravity that faced the work of the Palestinian ambulances crews.

–         Many medicines, vaccinations and foods at Gaza hospitals are subject to decay due to continued electric cutoffs while the power generated by power generators is not sufficient to face the power shortage.

–         Shifa Hospital is suffering the continued disruption of its only cardiac catheterization apparatus. The Hospital is also suffering the disruption of the sterilization apparatuses and milk pasteurization and decontamination apparatuses that are necessary for immature neonates.

–         All hospitals in the Gaza strip are suffering shortages in spare parts required for power generators, on which Gaza hospitals mainly depend in view of continued electric cutoffs. The MOH Engineering and Maintenance Department lacks many spare parts required for the maintenance of power generators, including air filters, oil filter and filters required to separate kerosene and oil.

–         The MOH is suffering a shortage of spare parts required for its vehicles and ambulances. Due to the emergency situation in the Gaza Strip, 50% of the MOH ambulances are exceptionally operating although they lack maintenance.

· Central medical laboratories at Shifa Hospital are suffering a severe shortage in medical apparatuses, including 30 apparatuses used in blood analysis. This shortage of blood analysis apparatuses has impeded the blood transformation for the wounded. The lives of the wounded persons would be threatened in case of blood transformation without making the necessary tests.

· Gaza hospitals are suffering a shortage in medical disposables in surgery rooms, including surgical operation torches, surgical operations tables, laboratorial apparatuses, ray apparatuses and extensive care apparatuses.

· Gaza hospitals and healthcare centers are still suffering a shortage in medicines. 105 items of main medical tools and 255 of medical disposables have run out or are in short quantities. These medical supplies include the majority of medicines required for cancer patients and medicines required for sick children who are suffering from cystic fibrosis, and the health conditions of these children are seriously threatened .

· More than half a million of Palestinian students at primary, preparatory and secondary schools have been denied access to their schools. On the first day of IOF indiscriminate air raids, more than 5,000 students were subject to trauma or were injured, while attending their classes or while on their way to afternoon schools. These children are still denied access to necessary physical treatment services, due to the severe shortage in that service.

· Dr. Samir Qouta, a psychology professor at the Islamic University in Gaza City, says that there has been an increasing number of parents who visit mental health centers in the Gaza Strip to inquire how to treat the symptoms of the psychological deterioration in their children, that resulted from the terrible explosions that trembled the entire Gaza Strip. Dr. Qouta says that the symptoms of the psychological disorders caused by fear and horror of IOF incessant bombardments include bedwetting, nail-biting, fear of night, frightening nightmares, physical pains of unknown causes, crying and introversion. Dr. Qouta expects that the symptoms of the psychological deterioration in the Palestinian children would develop to include a form of violence in dealing with their peers, inability to concentrate and deterioration of educational levels. He also indicated that Palestinian children, who are subject to traumatic experience caused by IOF bombardments, become less obedient to their parents and lose the  ability to deal openly with them. Dr. Qouta expects that the psychological deterioration in the Palestinian children in the Gaza Strip would aggravate due to IOF ongoing raids.

The West Bank

IOF have imposed a tightened siege on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays to prevent them from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF often violently beat Palestinian civilians who attempt to bypass checkpoints and enter the city. IOF impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians on Fridays to restrict their access to the al-Aqsa Mosque.

· Nablus: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Wednesday, 24 December 2008, IOF troops positioned at various checkpoints around Nablus imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. On Thursday, 25 November 2008, IOF troops positioned at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, conducted prolonged checking on Palestinian civilians. On Saturday, 27 December 2008, IOF troops positioned at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians from the city. On Sunday morning, 28 December 2008, IOF troops positioned at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, conducted prolonged checking on Palestinian civilians. On Monday, 29 December 2008, IOF troops positioned at various checkpoints around Nablus imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Tuesday morning, 30 November 2008, IOF troops positioned at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, conducted prolonged checking on Palestinian civilians. On Wednesday, 31 December 2008, IOF troops positioned at various checkpoints around Nablus imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

· Hebron: On Wednesday morning, 31 December 2008, IOF troops arrested 3 Palestinian farmers from Beit Ummar village while they were farming their lands near “Kfar Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem:

1.      ‘Omar Mohammed Braighaith, 30;

2.      Kamal Rezeq ‘Aadi, 26; and

3.      Yousef Ziad Khamis, 25.

4. Construction of the Annexation Wall

IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside West Bank territory. During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall.

· During the reporting period, the Israeli Prime Minister Ehurd Olmert to complete the construction of the Annexation Wall around Jerusalem by 2009. Olmert took this decision following a tour near the Wall surrounding Jerusalem. He claimed that the construction of the Wall “is necessary for Israel’s security.” He further claimed that “as time passes, the security fence turned from a project that is condemned by the international community into a one that explains how to provide protection from suicide bombings; states that wish to combat terrorism, like that we saw in Jerusalem and other towns, refer to Israel to study this model.” According to the Israeli Prime Minister’s office, the Wall around Jerusalem would be 164.5 kilometers long; and approximately 110 kilometers of it have been constructed, 50 kilometers are being constructed and 4.5 kilometers are under court consideration.”

· Following the Friday Prayer on 26 December 2008, scores of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders demonstrated in Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the construction of the Wall. They moved towards the Wall. Immediately, IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, 2 demonstrators were wounded:

1.      Wa’el Fahmi Nasser, 32, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the leg; and

2.      Adeeb Ahmed Abu Rahma, 37, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the leg.

5. Judaization of Jerusalem

IOF have recently escalated arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem to force them to leave the city. This section of the Weekly Report addresses violations of human rights perpetrated by IOF against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem.

· On Wednesday morning, 24 December 2008, IOF forced Muhannad ‘Ali ‘Aabdin in Wad al-Dam quarter in Beit Hanina village, north of East Jerusalem. According to ‘Aabdin, the Municipality of West Jerusalem informed him that his 65-square-meter, 2-storey house would be demolished claiming that it was built without a license. He appealed to the Central Court to stop the demolition order, but the court approved the order and even order ‘Aabdin to demolish his house himself, otherwise the municipality would demolish it and he would be forced to pay a fine.

…………………………………………………………

Recommendations to the International Community

1.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.  PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

2.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

3.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

4.      PCHR calls for the immediately implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

5.      PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.

6.      PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel.  PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

7.      PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.

8.      In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

9.      PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

10.  PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

11.  PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question.  Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region.  Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.


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